How to use Make, Let, Have, & Get: English Causative Grammar Explained Clearly!

Michael Grammar 4 Comments

When we use the causative form of make, have, and let, and the object of those verbs is performing the action, we use the base form of the main verb. In its causative form, make has the meaning of “force” or “push” The boss made Jack work on the report all day. “Jack” is the object of the verb and performs the action “work.” I make my students write a journal every day. “My students” is the object of the verb and performs the action “write.” Jenny made her son eat all of his vegetables. “Her son” is the object of the verb and performs the action “eat.” In its causative form, let has the meaning of “permit.” Bob usually lets his children watch TV after they finish their homework. “His children” is the object of the verb and performs the action “watch.” Tony let Jane buy a new car after getting a bonus. “Jane” is the object of the verb and performs the action “buy.” The airline let me switch my flight without a penalty. “Me” is the object of the verb and performs the action “switch.” Have, in its causative form, has the meaning of “ask” or “request.” …

One-Point English Lesson: Causative + Infinitive

Michael Uncategorized Leave a Comment

When we use the causative form of other verbs, such as cause, command, get, order, etc, and the object of those verbs is performing the action, we use the infinitive form (VerbING) of the main verb. Let’s look at some examples of these today. In its causative form, get has the meaning of “persuade.” When you get someone to do something for your, you have persuaded them to do it. The boss got Jack to attend the company golf outing on Sunday. I got him to agree to a five-year contract, instead of his original proposal for a ten-year contract. See if you can get Jane to bake her famous apple pie for the party tomorrow. Other verbs such as cause, command, get, order, want, etc, do not have any different meaning or nuance when used in the causative form. The hurricane caused the power to go out for almost one million people in New York. The pet owner commanded her dog to attack the burglar. Jack ordered his son to clean up the back yard. I want him to pack the glasses and dishes carefully. When the object of the verb in a causative sentence is the receiver of …

English Lesson: Causitives – Get Something Done

Michael Uncategorized 4 Comments

I have an old Guild guitar from the 1960’s. It’s a classic! It has been in need of some repair, and last weekend I finally got it repaired. I’ve had this guitar for about 25 years. When I first got it, I was very into jazz. In fact, I used to listen to nothing but jazz. I would listen to such artists as Wes Montgomery and Joe Pass all the time and try to play along with the records. Yeah, there were records back then! I’m glad I got it fixed. I just wish I had more time to play… Yesterday we looked at causatives using have. For example, I had my hair cut. Today, let’s look at a variation of this using get. Do you know how to use this grammar? Take a look at the paragraph above and then check today’s lesson. First, let’s review causatives: Compare these two sentences: I repaired my guitar. ← This means, I repaired my own guitar. I did the action of repairing. I had my guitar repaired. ← This means, someone else did the action of repairing. As we learned yesterday, when we ask someone or pay them to do a job …

English Lesson: Causatives – Have Something Done

Michael Uncategorized 3 Comments

English Lesson: Causatives – Have something done Today was such a busy day. I had my hair cut today. Having your hair cut always makes you feel good, doesn’t it? I think most people would answer yes, of course this depends on the person cutting your hair. If they do a good job, then you’ll feel great. If not, then….you know! After that I picked up my shoes from the repair shop. I had to have new heels put on. Oh, and then I took Happy to the vet to have her nails clipped. She hates it when I do it, so I have to take her to have it done. Today, let’s look at the grammar we sue with have to talk about getting things done. Do you know how to use this grammar? Take a look at the paragraph above and then check today’s lesson: Compare these two sentences: I cut my hair. ← This means, I cut my own hair. I did the action of cutting. I had my hair cut. ← This means, someone else cut my hair. Someone else did the action of cutting. When we ask someone or pay them to do a job …