And, But, So, & Because – English Conjunctions lesson

Michael Grammar 3 Comments

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We use conjunctions to connect two sentences. Lets look at four of the most useful conjunctions today, and, but, so, and because. Take a look at these two sentences:

  1. I woke up at 6:30am.
  2. I washed my face.

You can use and to connect both of these sentences to make one sentence. If the subject of both sentences is the same, it is not necessary to repeat the subject.

  • I woke up at 6:30 and I washed my face (or) I woke up at 6:30 and washed my face.

You can use but to connect two sentences, when the second sentence is a contrast to the first sentence. Take a look at these two sentences:

  1. It was raining.
  2. I went to the beach.

These contrasting sentences can be connected using but:

  • It was raining, but I went to the beach

You can use so to connect two sentences, when the first sentence is the reason for the action in the second sentence. Take a look at these two sentences:

  1. It was raining.
  2. I brought my umbrella.

These sentences can be connected using so:

  • It was raining, so I brought my umbrella.

You can also use because to connect two sentences, when the second sentence is the reason for the action in to the first sentence. This is the opposite of so. Take a look at these two sentences:

  1. I brought my umbrella.
  2. It was raining.

These sentences can be connected using so:

  • I brought my umbrella because it was raining.

I wrote this lesson because a reader on facebook requested it. If you have a request, please feel free to let me know!

If you know anyone who might be interested in this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!

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