Over the past few days we studied the basic grammar of adjective clauses in English. Today, I would like teach you some advanced concepts about adjective clauses. First a quick review:
- The woman who works at the bank is very nice. Who is a subject relative pronoun used for people.
- The man whom I met at the trade show works for ABC Corp. Whom is an object relative pronoun used for people.
- The pizza which I ate was very delicious. Which is a subject relative pronoun used for things.
- The teacher whose class I take is a famous scientist. Whose is a possessive relative pronoun used for a person’s something.
It is possible to use that in place of who, whom, or which, but that does not replace whose:
- The woman that works at the bank is very nice.
- The man that I met at the trade show works for ABC Corp.
- The pizza that I ate was very delicious.
In modern, spoken English, who is used more commonly than whom as an object relative pronoun:
- The woman who(m) we saw at the park was feeding the birds.
- The man who(m) I met at the party is such a nice guy.
- The person who(m) I wrote to hasn’t sent a reply yet.
In addition, and also in modern, spoken English, quite often the object relative pronouns are left out of the sentence:
- The man I met at the trade show works for ABC Corp.
- The pizza I ate was very delicious.
- The woman we saw at the park was feeding the birds.
If you know anyone who might be interested in this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!