English Grammar Lesson – Relative Clauses 4 – Using Where & In Which & When

Michael Grammar Leave a Comment

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Today, I’d like to continue our conversation about adjective clauses by introducing where, which, and when.

We use when to modify a time word in a relative clause:

  • I’ll never forget the day when Brad came back from his tour in the army.
  • Do you remember the time when we took a train from New York to Chicago?
  • Recently I’ve been thinking about the summer when we rented the cottage by the lake.

Of course, that can be used in place of when to modify a time word in a relative clause:

  • I’ll never forget the day that Brad came back from his tour in the army.
  • Do you remember the time that we took a train from New York to Chicago?
  • Recently I’ve been thinking about the summer that we rented the cottage by the lake.

We use where to modify a place word in a relative clause:

  • The town where Jane lives is quite rural.
  • The beach where we found that boat is on the south side of the lake.
  • The apartment where Jack stays has a nice view of the city.

Note that when that replaces where, the preposition must be used, like this:

  • The town that Jane lives in is quite rural.
  • The beach that we found that boat in is on the south side of the lake.
  • The apartment that Jack stays in has a nice view of the city.

In addition, in which can replaces where, but it has a more formal use:

  • The town in which Jane lives is quite rural.
  • The beach in which we found that boat is on the south side of the lake.
  • The apartment in which Jack stays has a nice view of the city.

If you know anyone who might be interested in this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!

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