English Grammar Lesson: Relative Clauses – Adjective clauses

Michael Grammar 2 Comments

learn-english-free-lesson-ADJECIVE-relative-clauses
Today I will begin a series of lessons on relative clauses, starting with adjective clauses in English. This can be tricky grammar for a lot of people, so let me help you out!

As you know, an adjective modifies or describes a noun. Adjectives come before the noun, like this:

  • I bought a blue pen this morning.
  • Jane is wearing a pretty dress.
  • Today was a busy day.

An adjective clause is a phrase that comes after a noun and starts with a question word (like who, whom, which) or that. Today, we will look at adjective clauses that use who and whom. These adjective clauses describe people. Remember, a clause is not a complete sentence.

Who is used as a subject pronoun. In a relative clause use who + verb, like this:

  • The man who works at the post office is very nice.

The clause [who works at the post office] gives us more information about the noun man. If you remove the adjective clause from the sentence, it is still a logical English sentence: The man…is very nice. Here are some more examples:

  • The woman who lives next door speaks French and Spanish.
  • The teacher who taught me the piano was a nice guy.
  • The man who helped me yesterday is such a nice guy.
  • The person who broke my window agreed to pay for the repair.

Whom is used as an object pronoun. In a relative clause use whom + subject + verb, like this:

  • The woman whom I met can speak Japanese.

The clause [whom I met] gives us more information about the noun woman. If you remove the adjective clause from the sentence, it is still a logical English sentence: The woman…can speak Japanese. Here are some more examples:

  • The woman whom we saw at the park was feeding the birds.
  • The teacher whom I had in first grade…
  • The man whom I met at the party is such a nice guy.
  • The person whom I wrote to hasn’t sent a reply yet.

If you know anyone who might be interested in this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!

CHECK OUT MY TRANSCRIPTS & BOOKS

PODCAST TRANSCRIPTS

eBOOKs & PAPERBACKS

set-of-4-happy-english-learning-booksFLAT







happy_english_books_kobo-sony-reader

happy_english_books_download_pdf

Comments

comments