For today’s English lesson, let’s look at tag questions. Tag questions are little questions that come at the end of a sentence. The basic grammar rule is that a positive sentence has a negative tag question and a negative sentence has a positive tag question.
First, we have tag questions using the be verb. When you use a tag question with the be verb, use the be verb in both the sentence and the tag questions.
- Positive sentence, negative tag: You are from New York, aren’t you?
- Positive sentence, negative tag: Yuki is from Osaka, isn’t she?
- Negative sentence, positive tag: Vincent isn’t a lawyer, is he?
- Negative sentence, positive tag: You’re not quitting the company, are you?
When the verb is not the be verb, we use do in the tag question:
- You work at ABC Bank, don’t you?
- Jenny plays the piano, doesn’t she?
- Dan doesn’t like to cook, does he?
- Serena doesn’t know Vanessa, does she?
Lastly, when the verb is a modal verb, use the same modal verb in the tag question:
- You can play piano, can’t you?
- Blair will go shopping with us, won’t she?
- Jack hasn’t called, has he?
- It shouldn’t rain tomorrow, should it?
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