Do you like to study English, or do you have to learn English for school, and exam, or work? You can do a lot of things when you know a second language, and English is one of the most widely spoken languages these days. Contrary to what you may think, I do like to study languages too. I find it interesting how people communicate, and I think learning a new culture through language is interesting. Don’t you?
For today’s free English Lesson, I’m going to show you some different ways to use the verb do. Have a look at the paragraph above once more and then check the lesson.
The word do in English is an auxiliary verb. We also call it a helping verb, because it helps the main verb of the sentence. We use do to form the negative form of ordinary (non-auxiliary) verbs. The negative form is do + not + verb. Of course we generally use the contracted form of do not, which is don’t. The contracted form of does not is doesn’t:
- I like pizza, but I really do not like pasta (or) …I really don’t like pasta
- We live in New York. Our cousin does not live very close to us (or) … doesn’t live very close to us.
- I do not watch a lot of TV because I work until 10pm (or) I don’t watch…
Be careful! We do not use do to form the negative of other auxiliary verbs:
- “I can not play tennis” is ok, but “I do not can play tennis” is not correct.
- “I may not go to the party” is ok, but “I don’t may go to the party” is not correct.
We also use do when we form yes/no questions. The grammar is do + subject + verb:
- Do you like pizza?
- Does Jack have an extra tennis racket?
- Did they meet you at the mall?
Do also has a non-auxiliary use, and there are a lot of collocations with do, especially with some sports. Some examples of collocations are do the dishes (wash the dishes) do laundry (wash dirty clothes) and do homework.
- Lori does yoga on Sundays.
- Akira did kendo in high school.
- Jen cooks, and Joe always does the dishes.
- Make sure you do your homework before watching TV.
It is also possible to use the auxiliary verb do with the non-auxiliary verb do:
- Tom didn’t do his homework and the teacher got angry.
- Did you do anything fun last weekend?
- Don’t do that!
We also use do to replace a verb that was just used:
- I washed the car today. I do it once a month.
- I always exercise in the morning, but today I did it after lunch.
- Jack was singing again in the office. I hate it when he does that.
Lastly, we use do for emphasis before the main verb in a sentence.
- Wow! You do like pizza. You at five slices!
- Oh, don’t worry. Jane does like you. She told me so yesterday.
- I’m sorry, but I do need to go home now. It’s late.
Well, I hope you found this lesson helpful. I do need to go do more homework, so how about writing a few sentences using do in the comment box below? I’ll review them for you!
If you know anyone who has trouble with this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!