Participle Adjectives ED vs ING – English Grammar Lesson

Michael Confusing Words, Grammar Leave a Comment

Last night, Jenny went to a party at her friend Blair’s house. There were a lot of people there that Jenny didn’t know, and most of them were much younger than her, so she really didn’t talk to many people. In addition, they played R&B music at the party, and Jenny prefers rock and heavy metal. After an hour, she left the party and went home. Then she called her friend Serena. Have a look at this conversation between the two friends:

  • Jenny: “Hey Serena, How’s it going?”
  • Serena: “Hi Jenny. Pretty good. What’s new?
  • Jenny: Well, I went to Blair’s party tonight
  • Serena: Oh cool! How was it?
  • Jenny: “Well, actually I was pretty boring.”
  • Serena: “Huh?”

Serena was surprised with Jenny’s answer. Do you know why? Today, we are going to look at participle adjectives. These are adjectives that are formed from the present and past participle forms of verbs. For example,

  • bore → bored  → boring
  • tire → tired  → tiring
  • excite → excited  → exciting
  • interest → interested  → interesting
  • amaze → amazed  → amazing

The past participle adjectives are words like bored, excited, interested, amazed, disappointed, etc. These adjectives that end in ED describe how a person feels about something. People are ED!

  • I was tired yesterday so I went to bed early.
  • Serena was bored in her history class.
  • I’m interested in Jazz.
  • Jack was excited when he won the lottery!

Words like boring, exciting, interesting, amazing, disappointing, etc. describe the reason a person has a certain feeling about something. Things and sometimes people are ING!

  • Work was tiring yesterday so I went to bed early.
  • Serena’s history class was boring.
  • I think jazz is interesting.
  • Winning the lottery is so exciting!

Generally things are ING, but sometimes we use ING adjectives to describe people:

  • My history teacher was so boring. He’s not an interesting teacher and makes the students feel bored.
  • My grandfather was an interesting person. He had two jobs and enjoyed painting.
  • Jack is so depressing. I don’t like talking to him because of his negative attitude.

Here are some more examples using both types of adjectives

  • The party was boring, so I was bored. I feel bored…the party is boring
  • My history teacher is boring, so I was bored in the class.
  • The roller coaster is exciting, so I am excited. I am excited. The roller coaster is exciting.
  • This lesson is interesting, so I am very interested in* it.  (*Note we use interested + in + object)

If you know anyone who has trouble with this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!