I like pizza, but I am not the type of person who eats it every day. I don’t work so close to a good pizzeria, and I’m not able to take a long lunch break in order to eat it. I guess that’s better for my weight! A lot of students have trouble with using the negative form of be and do, for example, “I am not” and “I do not.” Do you know the rules? For today’s English grammar lesson, let’s look at these two negative, simple present grammar patterns.
We use the negative form of the verb be followed by a noun or an adjective. The grammar pattern is Subject + BE + not + noun (or) Subject + BE + not + adjective (or adverb/adjective):
- I am not Jack, I’m Michael.
- Bob is not the manager.
- That is not our train. We need to take a local train, that one is express.
- This soup is not hot.
- It is not very warm today, is it?
- I am not happy with the progress we are making with this project.
We use the negative form of the verb do followed by another verb in the base verb form. The grammar pattern is do + not + base verb:
- I do not eat pizza every day.
- Jenny does not live in New York any more.
- We do not want to work on the weekend.
- It does not work without batteries.
Homework question: What food or music do you not like? Where do you not want to spend your free time? Write your answers in the box below.