Using BY and WITH – English Preposition Lesson

MichaelADConfusing Words, Grammar Leave a Comment


Homemade pizza is really delicious, so I like to make pizza by hand. I make the dough by following my grandmother’s recipe. I even make the pizza with my grandmother’s mixing bowl. It takes a lot of time and effort, but the results are great!

Today I am going to show you two prepositions in English, by and with and how we used them. Both by and with are used to talk about how we do something, but there are a few differences.

We use by + noun to talk about the way we do something or the way something is done:

  • I like to make pizza by hand.
  • Those donuts are made by machine.
  • The calculations are performed by computer.

We use by + gerund to talk about the action we take in order to do something:

  • I make the dough by mixing flour, yeast, and warm water.
  • Those donuts are made by pouring the ingredients into the machine.
  • The calculations are performed by programming the computer.

We use with + noun to talk about the, ingredients, tool or instrument we use to do something:

  • I made the sauce with fresh tomatoes, basal, and garlic.
  • I forgot to bring a spoon, so I ate my yogurt with a fork.
  • You can move the objects on the computer with a mouse.

Now it’s your turn. Use by or with in some original sentences and post it in the comment box below.

If you know anyone who might be interested in this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!



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