English Preposition Lesson: Using OF

Michael Uncategorized Leave a Comment

A happy bottle of wine!

A happy bottle of wine!

Yesterday we looked at the preposition around. For today’s English lesson, I want to show you how to use the preposition of. There are a number of grammar patterns that we have when we use of, so let’s get started!

#1. We use of when we want to show the connection or relationship between two nouns:

  • Jack is a friend of mine.
  • I saw a picture of Times Square in an old textbook.
  • The day of your birth is called your birthday.

#2. We use of when we want to talk about an artist or musician and their collective work:

  • You can see the complete works of Picasso at MOMA this month.
  • I love the paintings of Salvador Dali.
  • This CD set contains the complete works of Mozart.

#3. We also use of when we want to show the connection between one part and an entire thing:

  • I had a slice of pizza for lunch.
  • Do you want a piece of cake?
  • Jack used the last slice of bread.

#4. In a similar way, we use of when we use quantifiers, such as containers or groups of food:

  • We bought a bottle of wine for the party.
  • Jack drinks a liter of milk every day.
  • The supermarket has a bunch of grapes for just $0.69!

#5. We use of when we talk about measurement:

  • This handle can extend to a length of 30 inches.
  • The recipe calls for one cup of sugar and two cups of cocoa.
  • I think two pounds of pork should be enough.

#6. We use of to talk about directions or locations near a certain point or place:

  • There is a big drawer at the bottom of the oven.
  • You can find many old buildings on the lower east side of Manhattan.
  • The entrance to this building is on 40th Street, just to the left of the bank.

#7 We use type of / kind of / sort of + noun to describe a category:

  • A smartphone is a type of computer.
  • Japanese nabe is a kind of soup.
  • Pink Floyd plays sort of experimental music.

#8. We use made of / built of, etc to show the type of material used in making something:

  • This building is built of iron and steel.
  • Many items we have at home are made of plastic.

There are a lot more combinations of verbs + of, including phrasal verbs, in English. Do you know any others? If you do, let me know. In the meantime, how about trying to use some of these patterns? Write a sentence or two in the comment box below!



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