English Preposition Lesson: Using OF

Michael Uncategorized Leave a Comment

A happy bottle of wine!

A happy bottle of wine!

Yesterday we looked at the preposition around. For today’s English lesson, I want to show you how to use the preposition of. There are a number of grammar patterns that we have when we use of, so let’s get started!

#1. We use of when we want to show the connection or relationship between two nouns:

  • Jack is a friend of mine.
  • I saw a picture of Times Square in an old textbook.
  • The day of your birth is called your birthday.

#2. We use of when we want to talk about an artist or musician and their collective work:

  • You can see the complete works of Picasso at MOMA this month.
  • I love the paintings of Salvador Dali.
  • This CD set contains the complete works of Mozart.

#3. We also use of when we want to show the connection between one part and an entire thing:

  • I had a slice of pizza for lunch.
  • Do you want a piece of cake?
  • Jack used the last slice of bread.

#4. In a similar way, we use of when we use quantifiers, such as containers or groups of food:

  • We bought a bottle of wine for the party.
  • Jack drinks a liter of milk every day.
  • The supermarket has a bunch of grapes for just $0.69!

#5. We use of when we talk about measurement:

  • This handle can extend to a length of 30 inches.
  • The recipe calls for one cup of sugar and two cups of cocoa.
  • I think two pounds of pork should be enough.

#6. We use of to talk about directions or locations near a certain point or place:

  • There is a big drawer at the bottom of the oven.
  • You can find many old buildings on the lower east side of Manhattan.
  • The entrance to this building is on 40th Street, just to the left of the bank.

#7 We use type of / kind of / sort of + noun to describe a category:

  • A smartphone is a type of computer.
  • Japanese nabe is a kind of soup.
  • Pink Floyd plays sort of experimental music.

#8. We use made of / built of, etc to show the type of material used in making something:

  • This building is built of iron and steel.
  • Many items we have at home are made of plastic.

There are a lot more combinations of verbs + of, including phrasal verbs, in English. Do you know any others? If you do, let me know. In the meantime, how about trying to use some of these patterns? Write a sentence or two in the comment box below!

Enter email address:


If you know anyone who has trouble with this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them.

Thanks for studying today!

Get Happy English iPhone APP

Get Happy English eBook for iPhone / iPad or Galaxy / Android or Amazon Kindle