Yesterday we looked at the preposition around. For today’s English lesson, I want to show you how to use the preposition of. There are a number of grammar patterns that we have when we use of, so let’s get started!
#1. We use of when we want to show the connection or relationship between two nouns:
- Jack is a friend of mine.
- I saw a picture of Times Square in an old textbook.
- The day of your birth is called your birthday.
#2. We use of when we want to talk about an artist or musician and their collective work:
- You can see the complete works of Picasso at MOMA this month.
- I love the paintings of Salvador Dali.
- This CD set contains the complete works of Mozart.
#3. We also use of when we want to show the connection between one part and an entire thing:
- I had a slice of pizza for lunch.
- Do you want a piece of cake?
- Jack used the last slice of bread.
#4. In a similar way, we use of when we use quantifiers, such as containers or groups of food:
- We bought a bottle of wine for the party.
- Jack drinks a liter of milk every day.
- The supermarket has a bunch of grapes for just $0.69!
#5. We use of when we talk about measurement:
- This handle can extend to a length of 30 inches.
- The recipe calls for one cup of sugar and two cups of cocoa.
- I think two pounds of pork should be enough.
#6. We use of to talk about directions or locations near a certain point or place:
- There is a big drawer at the bottom of the oven.
- You can find many old buildings on the lower east side of Manhattan.
- The entrance to this building is on 40th Street, just to the left of the bank.
#7 We use type of / kind of / sort of + noun to describe a category:
- A smartphone is a type of computer.
- Japanese nabe is a kind of soup.
- Pink Floyd plays sort of experimental music.
#8. We use made of / built of, etc to show the type of material used in making something:
- This building is built of iron and steel.
- Many items we have at home are made of plastic.
There are a lot more combinations of verbs + of, including phrasal verbs, in English. Do you know any others? If you do, let me know. In the meantime, how about trying to use some of these patterns? Write a sentence or two in the comment box below!
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Thanks for studying today!
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