English Lesson: Adjective Clauses (Relative Clauses)

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Happy is a dog who loves to sleep!

Happy is a dog who loves to sleep!

One of the readers asked about adjective clauses (also called relative clauses). Today I’m going to show you the basics of this grammar.

As you know, an adjective describes a noun and comes before the noun. For example:

  • I met a nice man. Nice is an adjective and man is a noun.

An adjective clause also describes a noun but comes after the noun. Basically, adjective clauses begin with a relative pronoun. The three most common of these is who, which, and that. The relative pronoun who is used to describe a person.

  • I met a nice man who spoke French.
  • I have a teacher who gives us a lot of homework.
  • My mom is a woman who takes good care of her family.

The relative pronoun which is used to describe a thing.

  • I found a nice table lamp which I put on my desk.
  • I have special knife which is used for cutting fish.
  • Jack has a car which he bought in Canada.

The relative pronoun that can be used to describe people or things:

  • I met a nice man that spoke French.
  • I have a teacher that gives us a lot of homework.
  • I found a nice table lamp that I put on my desk.
  • I have special knife that is used for cutting fish.

Do you know anyone who is good at using relative clauses? How about you? Why not write a sentence in the comment section to practice this point?



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