One-Point English Lesson: Using Must for Logical Guesses

Michael Uncategorized 3 Comments

This stone path must have been built a long time ago.

You can use must to make a logical guess about a present situation. The structure is must + base verb:

  • Joe is late for work. He must be stuck in traffic.
  • Jane has been sneezing all morning. She must have a cold.
  • The expiration date on this cheese is November 30th. It must be ok to eat.
  • Jack must like pizza. He eats it every day for lunch.

You can also use must to make a logical guess about a past situation. The structure is must + have + pp verb:

  • Joe was late for work. He must have been stuck in traffic.
  • They had no power after the storm. It must have been a difficult time.
  • Jack must have worked late last night. He’s still sleeping.
  • You went on a cruise? You must have had a great time.

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