Here are the rules for forming the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives. Did you know that English words can be divided into syllables? A syllable is a unit of pronunciation and contains at least one vowel or vowel sounds (ex. “pizza” has two syllables)
Adjectives like big, tall, & strong have one syllable. For one syllable adjectives, add –er to the word to form the comparative. Add the ____est to form the superlative:
- A horse is big, but an elephant is bigger. A whale is the biggest animal.
- The Flatiron Building is tall, but the Chrysler building is taller. The Empire State Building is the tallest building in New York.
- Jim is strong, but Tom is stronger than Jim. Chris is the strongest player on the team.
Adjectives like quiet, expensive, & interesting have two or more syllables. For adjectives with two or more syllables, use more _____ to form the comparative. Use the most______ to form the superlative:
- I think New York is more exciting than Los Angeles.
- The most interesting part of New York to me is the people.
Adjectives like pretty, tiny, & noisy end in y. For these adjectives, change the “y” to “i” and then add –er to form the comparative and the ____est to form the superlative:
- Jane is prettier than Susan.
- Saturday night is the noisiest night of all in my neighborhood.
Some adjectives are irregular:
- Good, better, best
- Bad, worse, worst
What is the best restaurant in your neighborhood?