English Lesson: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

Michael Uncategorized 1 Comment

That is the fattest cat I’ve ever seen!

Here are the rules for forming the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives. Did you know that English words can be divided into syllables? A syllable is a unit of pronunciation and contains at least one vowel or vowel sounds (ex. “pizza” has two syllables)

Adjectives like big, tall, & strong have one syllable. For one syllable adjectives, add –er to the word to form the comparative. Add the ____est to form the superlative:

  • A horse is big, but an elephant is bigger. A whale is the biggest animal.
  • The Flatiron Building is tall, but the Chrysler building is taller. The Empire State Building is the tallest building in New York.
  • Jim is strong, but Tom is stronger than Jim. Chris is the strongest player on the team.

Adjectives like quiet, expensive, & interesting have two or more syllables. For adjectives with two or more syllables, use more _____ to form the comparative. Use the most______ to form the superlative:

  • I think New York is more exciting than Los Angeles.
  • The most interesting part of New York to me is the people.

Adjectives like pretty, tiny, & noisy end in y. For these adjectives, change the “y” to “i” and then add –er to form the comparative and the ____est to form the superlative:

  • Jane is prettier than Susan.
  • Saturday night is the noisiest night of all in my neighborhood.

Some adjectives are irregular:

  • Good, better, best
  • Bad, worse, worst

What is the best restaurant in your neighborhood?