Surprised is an adjective and is usually followed by at, by/with, or that.
My friend Joe sent me a strange email about his cat. He usually never sends emails!
- I was surprised at Joe.
- I was surprised by Joe’s email.
- I was surprised that Joe sent me an email.
You can be surprised at a person when they do something unexpected or unusual for them:
- I’m surprised at Joe. He never sends emails.
- I’m surprised at my boss. He gave us the afternoon off and he never did that before.
You can be surprised by/with a thing or a situation
- I’m surprised by the service at this restaurant. It is never this slow.
- I’m surprised with the exhibition. I didn’t think it would be so good.
You can use a sentence with that after surprised:
- I’m surprised that there was so much snow today. The forecast said “flurries.”
- I’m surprised that Jane stayed so late at the party. She said she was tired.
What have you been surprised by recently? Have you been surprised at someone recently?
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