English Lesson & Quiz: Simple Past Vs Present Perfect

Michael Uncategorized 7 Comments

I had some delicious curry last night.

Today, let’s have a look at the difference between how to use the simple past and present perfect. Do you know how to use these tenses? Have a look at today’s lesson and then check your understanding with the quiz at the end of the lesson.

Situation #1 – Has the action finished or not?

We can use the simple past with for when the action has finished.

  • I worked at that company for 10 years. I don’t work there anymore.
  • Steve lived in Miami for three months. Steve doesn’t live there anymore.

We can use present perfect with for or since when the action has not finished.

  • I have worked at that company for 10 years. I still work there.
  • Steve has lived in Miami for three months. Steve still lives there.

Situation #2 – Is the time specific or not?

We can use the simple past when we know the specific time.  

  • I ate some delicious curry last night.
  • Steve lived in Miami last year.

We can use present perfect when we don’t know the specific time.

  • I have seen Casablanca many times. We know his experience, but we don’t know when.
  • Steve has lived in Miami and Mexico City. We know his experience, but we don’t know when.

Situation #3 – Has the time period ended or not?

We can use the simple past when the time period has finished  

  • I saw Casablanca last night. Last night has finished.
  • Steve lived in Miami last year. Last year has finished.

We can use present perfect when the time period has not finished.

  • I have seen Casablanca twice this week. This week has not finished.
  • Steve has lived in Miami all his life. All his life means Steve is still living, the time period “all his life” has not finished.

Situation #4 – Is this recent information, or old information

We can use the simple past when we talk about some old news:

  • I saw Casablanca when I lived in Miami.
  • Steve moved away from New York when he went to college.

We can use present perfect when we talk about some recent news, and we often use words like “again” or “recently” when we do:  

  • I have seen Casablanca again.
  • Steve has moved back to Mexico City recently.

Almost

Congratulations - you have completed Almost.

You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.

Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%


Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Tommy thinks that _____ of his friends are smarter than he is.
A
almost
B
almost all
C
almost always
D
almost never
Question 2
We _____ didn't wake up on time for work today.
A
almost
B
almost all
C
almost always
D
almost never
Question 3
I was late again because I _____ take too long to get ready.
A
almost
B
almost all
C
almost always
D
almost never
Question 4
Did you know that _____ New Yorkers don’t have a car?
A
almost
B
almost all
C
almost always
D
almost never
Question 5
She said she _____ goes there because it’s too far.
A
almost
B
almost all
C
almost always
D
almost never
Question 6
I _____ eat healthy food and I usually watch out for junk food!
A
almost
B
almost all
C
almost always
D
almost never
Question 7
_____ of my classmates are from Europe.
A
almost
B
almost all
C
almost always
D
almost never
Question 8
I _____ listen to that kind of music, so I don’t know that singer.
A
almost
B
almost all
C
almost always
D
almost never
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 8 questions to complete.


NEW for 2012! 109 Phrasal Verbs – 116-page eBook
Including…

  • The DEFINITION of each phrasal verb.
  • How to USE the phrasal verb.
  • The STRUCTURE showing the grammar pattern of the phrasal verb.
  • EXAMPLE sentences to see how the phrasal verb is used in context.
  • A PRACTICE question to give you the chance to use the phrasal verb.

Just $5!
Would you like a FREE 15-page sample? Click here for more information.

Comments

comments