I like to eat and one of my favorite things to eat is bread. I have made bread by hand before and nothing is more delicious. You can make bread with any kind of flour – white, wheat, etc. My favorite bread to make is whole-wheat bread. I bake it by using an old coal oven. This bread smells so good when it is freshly baked, and when you cut it with a knife, the aroma fills the air.
Today I would like to look at by and with. Both of these words are used to show how something is done, but the way we used them is a little different. Do you know how to use these words? Have a look at the paragraph above and then check out today’s lesson.
We use by when we talk about an action. After by, we use a Verb-ing (gerund)
- I bake the bread by using an old coal oven
- Tomoko improved her English by listening to the radio.
- Brad caught the mouse by setting a trap.
We use with when we talk about the tool, ingredients, or part of the body that is used.
- You can make bread with any kind of flour.
- When you cut it with a knife, the aroma fills the air.
- Brad caught the mouse with a trap.
Note the difference between how to use by and with:
- Jack studied vocabulary by using a dictionary.
- Jack studied vocabulary with a dictionary.
Note that by hand means made by a person or handmade.
- I have made bread by hand before.
When we use the passive voice, we use by to show the person or thing that does the action
- The power was knocked out by the hurricane
- The fire was reported by the building manager
When we use the passive voice we use with to show the tool, ingredients, or body part used by someone
- The bread was made with wheat flour and water
- Jack’s car was washed with a brush.
- The wall was painted with a lovely light green paint.
This lesson was requested by a reader of this blog. If you have a suggestion for a lesson here, please let me know!