English Lesson: Because Vs. Since Vs. Due to Vs. As

Michael Uncategorized 8 Comments

Due to the hurricane last week, I was without electric power for a day and a half. As you can imagine, not having power can make life in the 21 Century difficult. That’s because without electric, there is no internet and without internet we can’t do much here at Happy English. I went to the library on Monday since I couldn’t use internet at home, but they were closed due to the hurricane. I was happy when the power came back later that day.

Since, as, because, and due to all are used to explain a reason for something. However, we use these words differently. Do you know how to use them? Have a look at the paragraph above and then check out today’s lesson:

Due to is the most formal among today’s words. The structure is due to + noun:

  • Due to the hurricane last week, I was without electric power. The reason for no electric power is the hurricane.
  • Due to the power outage, there is no internet.

Because is more conversational and less formal than due to.

The structures are because + of + noun/noun phrase and because + subject/verb:

  • Because of the hurricane last week, I was without electric power.
  • That’s because without electric, there is no internet.
  • Because he’s a good swimmer, Jim always goes to the beach.
  • I can’t leave the house because I can’t find my keys.

Since is often used in place of because. The structure is since + subject/verb:

  • Since he’s a good swimmer, Jim always goes to the beach.
  • I can’t leave the house since I can’t find my keys.

*Keep in mind that since also is used to talk about a certain point in time to now. For example, I have been living here since 1990. Thus, the meaning of since can be confusing:

  • Since there was a hurricane last week, I was without electric power. This can mean from the time of the hurricane to now, I have no power or because of the hurricane last week, I have no power

*When the meaning of since can be confused, as in the above example, we use because.

As is can used in place of since to show a reason, but this use is not as common as since or because. The structure is as + subject/verb:

  • As he’s a good swimmer, Jim always goes to the beach.
  • I can’t leave the house as I can’t find my keys.

*Keep in mind that as also is used to show something happens at the same time as something else. For example, As I was eating, the power went out. Here, as means while. Thus, the meaning of as can be confusing:

  • As they spoke about the issue, he started doubting her. This can mean he started doubting her because they spoke, or while they were speaking.

*When the meaning of as can be confused, as in the above example, we use because.

Since this is the end of the lesson, I will need to say bye and thanks for studying today.

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